Structure, organisations and key people
In 1901 the High Court of Australia was established by section 71 of the Constitution and, to the extent that legislative provision was necessary, was given the power to administer its own affairs by the High Court of Australia Act 1979, which was proclaimed on 21 April 1980. The Constitution confers both an appellate and an original jurisdiction upon the High Court. Appeals from the Supreme Courts of the States and Territories, from the Federal Court of Australia and from the Family Court of Australia are heard pursuant to special leave to appeal. The High Court is also the final arbiter upon constitutional questions.
The central role of the department is to support the Prime Minister and assist in achieving a coordinated approach to the development and implementation of Australian government policies. The department provides advice across the spectrum of Australian policy responsibilities including: international, defence and security; economic, industry and environment; social, indigenous, legal, culture; Australian honours and symbols; Official Establishments; support services for Cabinet, guest of government visits, government communications; and task forces as required.
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