Structure, organisations and key people
The Family Court of Australia, through its specialised judges and staff, helps Australians resolve their most complex family disputes. The Court was established under the Family Law Act 1975 and has original jurisdiction in all states and territories except Western Australia. The Court determines cases with complex law and facts including cases with jurisdictional issues, multiple parties and financial cases. The Court also determines cases with specialised areas (Hague, special medical procedures, serious cases of entrenched conflict, violence and abuse, international relocation), and provides national coverage as the appellate court in family law matters.
In 1901 the High Court of Australia was established by section 71 of the Constitution and, to the extent that legislative provision was necessary, was given the power to administer its own affairs by the High Court of Australia Act 1979, which was proclaimed on 21 April 1980. The Constitution confers both an appellate and an original jurisdiction upon the High Court. Appeals from the Supreme Courts of the States and Territories, from the Federal Court of Australia and from the Family Court of Australia are heard pursuant to special leave to appeal. The High Court is also the final arbiter upon constitutional questions.
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