Structure, organisations and key people
In 1901 the High Court of Australia was established by section 71 of the Constitution and, to the extent that legislative provision was necessary, was given the power to administer its own affairs by the High Court of Australia Act 1979, which was proclaimed on 21 April 1980. The Constitution confers both an appellate and an original jurisdiction upon the High Court. Appeals from the Supreme Courts of the States and Territories, from the Federal Court of Australia and from the Family Court of Australia are heard pursuant to special leave to appeal. The High Court is also the final arbiter upon constitutional questions.
Provides specialist advice and assistance in all areas of federal law spanning the spectrum of the Commonwealth's activities across all portfolios and has particular responsibility for constitutional and public law advice, statutory interpretation, legislative development, implementation and administration and constitutional litigation. Advises the Attorney-General on possible intervention in all cases in which constitutional issues are raised in any Australian court and represents the Commonwealth in constitutional litigation and coordinates other litigation involving constitutional issues. Contributes to education, discussion and review in the areas of constitutional and public law.
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